永續生產從農場開始
  • 美國黃豆農民藉由以下方式確保栽種和收穫的永續性。

    55%

    農民藉由水土保持法於大約相同面積的土地上增加了 55% 產量。

    減少了:

    碳排放量

    能源與燃料的使用

    溫室氣體

    土壤侵蝕

    Every day — in times of abundance or scarcity, plentiful rain or heartbreaking drought — United States soybean farmers work to protect and conserve the land.

    As a result of sound science, ongoing research and faithful implementation of key conservation practices, our farmers have increased their yields by 55% on roughly the same amount of land. And, as our yields have increased, we have achieved a marked decrease in carbon emissions, energy and fuel use, greenhouse gas and soil erosion.

    Learn more about some of the top farming practices U.S. soybean farmers have developed, adopted and proven essential to their ongoing efforts toward sustainable success.

    Sustainability Practices
  • 65%

    藉由土壤養護法,美國農民生產每公噸黃豆所造成土壤侵蝕量,自 1980 年以來已減少了 65% 。

    不整地栽培法和保護性耕作

    No-till and Conservation Tillage

    Tillage is the management of crop residue on the surface of the land following harvest. U.S. soybean farmers often practice no-till or conservation tillage, in which the previous crop residue is left on the surface rather than tilled into the soil. No-till requires far less fuel, protects the delicate top layer from soil erosion, reduces the loss of moisture from evaporation, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, maintains or improves the soil’s organic matter content and provides a natural aid to pest control.

    Conservation Tillage
  • 提高生產力:

    能源使用

    自 1980-2012 年已降低了 46%

    溫室氣體排放

    自 1980-2012 年已降低了 47%

    減少燃料和能源使用

    Reducing Fuel and Energy Use

    It just makes sense — using less fuel and energy in the process of planting, growing and harvesting is better for all of us. All the key sustainability practices used by farmers are designed to conserve as much as possible. Precision chemical application, planting, irrigation and no-till practices significantly reduce fuel use, decrease the impact on the environment and promote efficiency by reducing operating costs.

    Conservation Tillage
  • 每增加ㄧ公噸的黃豆,所使用的灌溉用水自 1980-2012 年已降低了 42%。

    每公頃所使用的灌溉用水從 1980-2012 年已降低了 10%。

    先進的灌溉技術

    Advanced Irrigation Technology

    Modern irrigation technology and equipment significantly reduces the amount of water necessary to maintain healthy crops. Center pivot irrigators are designed to decrease evaporation by lowering sprinklers closer to the ground and allowing all of the water to be distributed to the crop. These sprinkler systems also reduce soil erosion and provide increased reach into even the farthest corners of every field.

    Water Management
  • 減少逕流
    儲水池

    Water Storage Ponds

    Farmers can’t control the weather, but they can plan for it. Water storage ponds provide rain-or-shine protection against climate variability and are a key resource in maintaining a high crop yield. Either natural or man-made, these ponds serve as a reservoir to provide easy access to water in dry weather and store run-off water and reduce flooding in wet weather.

    Water Management
  • 肥料管理

    農民管理肥料施用的量和位置,以減少有毒逕流進入地下水。

    精確的肥料管理

    Precision Nutrient Management

    Precision nutrient management is the careful delivery of nutrients essential to soil and plant health. Precisely calculated amounts and strategic placement of fertilizers delivers the optimal amount of nutrients. This allows crops to reach their full potential while minimizing the impact on the environment by decreasing toxic run-off in groundwater and surface water.

    Nutrient Management
  • 在其它主要作物一般保持的間距中保有覆蓋作物,覆蓋作物能保持土壤的健康並間接地保護周邊的環境,如此能有利於農民。

    覆蓋作物

    Cover Crops

    Farmers plant cover crops to help preserve healthy soil and biodiversity while simultaneously fighting erosion, weeds and pests. Cover crops are seeded into agricultural fields either within or outside the regular growing season of the staple crop. These crops may vary, depending on the specific needs of the farm.

    Nutrient Management
  • 增加或保持土壤中的含水量。

    有機物質進入至土壤中,提高土壤的養分。

    輪作和多樣性

    Crop Rotation and Diversity

    Crop rotation is the practice of planting a diverse set of crops in the same field in different seasons. By alternating deep and shallow rooted crops, soil fertility has the opportunity to build. In addition, varying the crops in a specific field decreases the chance for crop-specific weed and pest growth to take hold, thereby encouraging better overall yield.

    Nutrient Management
  • 巡視

    Scouting

    Scouting minimizes the use of pesticides. Farmers go deep into their fields to examine crops and visually identify any kinds of bugs present on the land. Once any insects are identified, the farmer determines the kind of bug per square foot and cross-references with the insect’s natural predators. If natural predators are not present or available to be introduced to maintain control of the bugs, the farmer calculates the minimal amount of pesticide to do the job.

    Pest Management
  • 全球定位 (GPS) 系統

    藉由衛星科技能精確地播種和施肥。

    精確的使用化學物質

    Precise Chemical Application

    With state-of-the-art GPS systems now standard features on today’s sprayers, farmers can distribute fertilization chemicals with increasing precision. The system detects the layout of the field as well as previously treated paths, allowing the farmer to treat only where necessary. The GPS system is so accurate in displaying location that if the driver overlaps an area, individual nozzles in the overlap area automatically shut off. And, because the nozzles spray directly down on the plants, there is little to no excess spray.

    Pest Management
  • 水道和草地水道

    Waterways and Grass Waterways

    A grass waterway is a natural or constructed channel that is shaped to the landscape. Its purpose is to convey run-off from water concentrations to decrease soil erosion and improve water quality. In combination with no-till, this practice virtually eliminates soil erosion and enhances the environment by sustaining a variety of native grasses that provide food and shelter for wildlife.

    Buffer Practices
  • 66%

    自 1980 年以來,生產每噸美國黃豆而造成的土壤侵蝕量已下降了 66%。

    梯田

    Terraces

    Terraces are low embankments of land with slopes that fit the contour of the land. Their purpose is to guide water safely across fields of crops, thereby reducing soil erosion and run-off, and increasing water and nutrient infiltration. These curving slopes work for the farmer’s benefit as well as the environment’s by reducing the amount of pesticide run-off.

    Buffer Practices
  • 森林緩衝區有助於避免來自農田的有害徑流,能淨化地表水並減少洪水和侵蝕破壞。

    800,000

    復育保護林計劃 (Conservation Reserve Program) 恢復了 800,00 公頃的濕地和河岸緩衝地。

    河岸林緩衝區

    Riparian Forest Buffer

    A Riparian Forest Buffer is a forested area on a farm adjacent to a stream, lake, pond, river or wetland. Its purpose is to intercept contaminants from surface run-off, allow infiltration of surface water, reduce flooding and prevent soil erosion to crop fields. These buffers cool down the temperature of the natural body of water, enhancing the natural aquatic life and supplementing neighboring ecosystems, as well as provide a scenic and lively forest for all types of native life to flourish.

    Buffer Practices
  • 緩衝帶

    緩衝帶有助於控制空氣、水和土壤的品質。

    50%

    肥料和農藥

    60%

    病原體

    75%

    沈澱物

    緩衝帶

    Buffer Strips

    Strategically placed and planted, buffer strips of native plants provide multiple benefits to soybean crops and the surrounding environment. Trees, shrubs, perennial and herbaceous vegetation, grasses and wildflowers all play specific roles in buffer strips by reducing wind and soil erosion, reducing run-off and acting as a trap or filter for sediment or contaminants. Native wildlife also greatly benefits by using this land for food and refuge.

    Buffer Practices
  • Sustainability starts on the farm … but it doesn’t end there. Customers of U.S. soy are increasingly demanding sustainable sourcing, and U.S. soybean farmers are 100% committed to ensuring every link in the U.S. soy supply chain operates sustainably.

    Maintaining dedication to proven sustainable practices enables U.S. soybean farmers to protect our earth, air and water for this generation and for future farmers and consumers to come.

    For more information about the sustainability of U.S. soy, please visit www.ussoy.org/sustainability.

    Sustainability Practices
Sustainability Practices

Every day — in times of abundance or scarcity, plentiful rain or heartbreaking drought — United States soybean farmers work to protect and conserve the land.

As a result of sound science, ongoing research and faithful implementation of key conservation practices, our farmers have increased their yields by 55% on roughly the same amount of land. And, as our yields have increased, we have achieved a marked decrease in carbon emissions, energy and fuel use, greenhouse gas and soil erosion.

Learn more about some of the top farming practices U.S. soybean farmers have developed, adopted and proven essential to their ongoing efforts toward sustainable success.